A terrace on the terraces of terrace houses is part of Al Jazeera’s ongoing coverage of how Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula is reclaiming the remnants of its once-dominant influence in the south Arabian Peninsula.
Terraces are an important symbol of the insurgency, as they have become a focal point for attacks against the security forces and the Saudi authorities in recent years.
The Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) took advantage of the decline in its territorial gains in 2013, when it declared a “caliphate” across large swathes of the Arabian peninsula and in parts of Saudi Arabia.
The caliphate, in turn, was a new form of Islamic rule, in which Islamic law is enforced by state-sponsored sharia courts.
In the summer of 2014, the Saudi government launched Operation Euphrates Shield, a campaign of aerial bombardment that targeted the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS or ISIL) positions in the southern Saudi Arabian peninsula.
The campaign targeted several areas in the province of Hajjah and targeted ISIL commanders and senior leaders.
In July, Saudi Arabia launched an offensive to retake the strategic town of Mina from ISIL.
At the same time, the military launched a counter-offensive against the Islamic Emirate of Iraq (IRA), an armed wing of the Saudi-led coalition fighting the insurgency.
The two groups eventually merged in September 2015, but the Saudis continued to support the IRA until its withdrawal in January 2017.
Following the withdrawal of the IRE, the coalition’s air campaign against the IS began in earnest, targeting the group’s oil fields, its military facilities, and its military headquarters in the country’s east.
It is also believed that the coalition, along with Iran, began providing the IRI with equipment and fighters in order to support operations in the region.
However, the Saudis were unable to achieve its goals and the IIS took control of most of the oil fields in the kingdom.
After the withdrawal, Saudi forces were able to recapture the areas from the IOR and its affiliates in an operation that lasted until the end of February.
Since the fall of the caliphate, the kingdom has been on the front lines of the conflict between the IORS, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabias military, and the coalition.
Despite the conflict, Saudi officials have continued to promote the idea of a new Islamic state, even as the kingdom continues to be embroiled in a civil war that has killed thousands of people.
Although the Saudis have been unable to fully implement the Islamic state’s goals, the destruction of its territorial footprint in the peninsula has helped to consolidate the kingdom’s position as a strategic hub for the international coalition against ISIL.
Despite these efforts, the Islamic terror group remains an active force in the South Arabian Peninsula, with a presence in Al-Bayda, the capital of the Eastern Province, and in the Saudi city of Dammam.
In March, the government launched a campaign to recapturing al-Bukamal, the site of a major battle between the Saudi army and the IS.
Al-Bakm has been the scene of a number of clashes between Saudi troops and IS militants in recent months, with several fatalities.
In May, Saudi troops targeted the IS stronghold of al-Shaitab in the western province of Saada, killing at least 19 IS fighters and capturing several tanks.